About ICAZ Fish Remains Working Group
The evolution of the I.C.A.Z. Fish Remains working group
from 1981 to 1995
ARTURO MORALES MUNIZ
(From Archaeofauna 5 (1996): 13-20)
Laboratorio Arqueozoologia. Depto. Biologia
Universidad Autonoma de Madrid. 28049 Madrid, Espana
On the morning of the 28th of August, 1981, the founders of what
was later to become the I.C.A.Z. Fish Remains Working Group
(FRWG) met for the first time at the Zoological Museum of
Copenhagen. The meeting, attended by 16 people (Table 1), took
place at the request of a small group of scholars, notable among
which were Inge Bodker and Knud Rosenlund of the host
institution, which had for years felt the need for a more
systematic analysis of fish bones retrieved (and often missed!)
in archaeological sediments.
In retrospective, we can say that the Copenhagen Meeting was a
truly productive one, both in terms of the nature (Appendix 1)
and the treatment of issues. Introductory lectures were followed
by a lengthy discussion open to all participants; such flexible,
seminar-like contributions were regrettably lost in subsequent
meetings, partly due to the drastic increase in the number of
presentations. To compensate for this, starting with the second
meeting, contributions became grouped into sessions of more or
less similar content (Appendix 2). This arrangement was enhanced
after the Stora Korno Meeting allowing the organizers to set up
prioritary topics for each conference, but we had to wait until
this past conference to watch one of the prioritary subjects
(i.e., overfishing in the archaeological record) develop into a
significant portion of the conference.
The main goal of the Copenhagen meeting has, nevertheless, been
maintained over the years. This was the participants'
determination to create a true (and not just nominal!) working
group, which encourages close contact among its members, and
which would not only hold biennial meetings, but would also
disseminate the information presented to the best of its ability
while promoting contact with other groups, organisations and
individuals both within and outside I.C.A.Z. The success of the
<>, 14 years after its inception, has been
so dramatic that it became a model for other Working Groups (in
particular the Middle East and Bird Remains WG) and, perhaps, in
the future, may pave the way as a model for a federal re-
structuring of I.C.A.Z., which is undergoing a profound process
of renewal at this very moment.
Turning to more mundane matters, the development of the FRWG
seems to have been a mixture of gradual and punctuated processes
(Table 1; Figure 1). After the initial Copenhagen <>, a
second one exemplified by the Sophia Antipolis and Groningen
conferences doubled the number of attendants and tripled the
number of presentations (Appendix 2 & 3). The third pulse,
starting with the York meeting and still ongoing, exhibited a
gradual increase in the number of attendants doubling the number
of contributions (Appendixes 4-7). One might argue that both the
Leuven and Madrid meetings, by their sheer size, could be
considered as a fourth incremental pulse but we would rather
consider them from the perspective that the FRWG has not yet
stabilized, but is simply gaining momentum, due to its dynamic
nature and the decisiveness of its members.
Since one of the aims of the FRWG was to create a forum of
debate for the discussion and standarization of techniques,
presentations of methods have always made up a substantial
portion of the contributions offered at each meeting (Table 2;
Figure 2). The Copenhagen conference, as a matter of fact, was
basically conceived as a colloquium on methods (Appendix 1) and,
except for the Groningen, Schleswig and Leuven meetings,
methodological papers always ranked at the top of the list of
topics (Figure 2; Table 2; Appendixes 1-7). A pervasive pattern
throughout these years has been the somewhat erratic rise in
contributions which were neither methodological nor descriptive
<> (i.e., the <> category in Figure and
Table 2). Most contributions in this category are papers: a)
dealing with fishing in the past, b) regional surveys; and c) the
biology of fishes. By their very nature, a great many of these
contributions include data from fields alien to archaeozoology
and their progressive importance in succesive meetings testifies
to the growing interdisciplinarity within archaeoichthyology as
well as the willingness of the FRWG to incorporate new ideas,
data and scholars.
Meetings of the FRWG have also been witness to important
developments. One such instance was the Sophia Antipolis
conference where Jean Desse presented a much needed initiative:
the <> Project. Since then, the program has developed
well beyond the realm of archaeoichthyology reaching rechearches
in I.C.A.Z. and the natural sciences. At Copenhagen it was
decided that the group should have a Newletter. Through the
years, thanks to the generous and anonymous effort of its
editors, Knud Rosenlund and Dirk Heinrich, the Newsletter has
been instrumental in keeping the FRWG alive and in promoting
joint research among its members (note how many papers from later
meetings have been presented by research teams from more than one
I strongly believe that the most remarkable aspect of all these
achievements, which include the publication of the proceedings
from all but one meeting by relevant publishers (CNRS, BAR, Offa,
etc.), is the fact that they were achieved in an atmosphere of
honest friendship. The FRWG has never had individual leadership,
strong hierarchy or the like. It has never felt the temptation of
pulling out or taking over anything. It simply does not need to
do that to keep on being what it is, namely, a united and
cohesive group of friends. That cohesiveness is the secret of its
strength. No more, no less (but by no means a modest
To conclude, I look to the future and I want to draw attention
to the single criticism of the FRWG: its eurocentrism. For
historical reasons, the fish group was born in Europe (though one
of the <>, the late Hanan Lernau, was Israeli!)
and the number of European members has traditionally outnumbered
those from other continents (in the latest 4 newsletters we
record 87 from Europe, 41 from the Americas, 6 from Asia, 1 from
Africa and 4 from Australia and the Pacific). Logistics, in
particular shortage of funds, have shaped a profound and, to a
certain extent, unfair, asymmetry: all eight meetings have been
held in Europe. This has prevented a lot of colleagues within the
FRWG from attending even a single meeting. At this meeting
Elisabeth Reitz and Elisabeth Wing were prevented from attending
at the last minute but, at least, we can feel proud that many
Americans and even Foss Leach and Atholl Anderson, from our
Spanish antipodes, could finally make it. On the horizon we have
Panama. The 1997 meeting will hopefully constitute a landmark for
the FRWG which is dangerously leaning into an strictly EFRWG
(i.e., european FRWG) much to my general regret. I therefore want
to end these remarks by telling all our non-European friends:
come'n boys, it's your turn now! Happy meeting! Thank you!
APPENDIX 1: FIRST MEETING, Kobenhavn (1981) (28-29 August)
1. A. K. G. JONES: Reconstruction of fishing techniques from
assemblages of fish bones.
2. R. LIL JEGREN: Taphonomy.
3. J. DESSE: Presentation of a new method of discrimination by
4. D. HEINRICH: Standardization of measurements and size/weight
reconstructions of fish.
5. N. NOE-NYGAARD: Use of growth rings to determine age of fish
and season of catch.
6. H. LERNAU: Fish remains from excavations in the Negev and
the Sinai deserts and their connection with the Nile, the
Mediterranean and the Red Sea.
7. H. LERNAU: Special methods for defining vertebrae of bony
and cartilaginous fish.
APPENDIX 2: SECOND MEETING, Valbonne (1983) (14-16 October)
1. F. J. MEUNIER: Sur la determination histologique de
vertebres de poissons trouvees dans les sites
2. G. DESSE: Nouvelle contribution a la diagnose des pieces
rachidiennes des poissons.
3. A. MORALES MUNIZ: A study on the representativity and
taxonomy of the fish faunas from two mousterian sites on
northern Spain with special reference to the trout (Salmo
trutta L., 1758).
4. A. K. G. JONES: Some effects of the mammalian digestive
system on fish bones.
5. J. DESSE: Propositions pour une realisation collective d'un
corpus: fiches d'identification et d'exploitation metrique
du squelette des poissons.
6. O. LE GALL: L'exploitation de l'ichtyofaune par les
Paleolithiques. Quelques exemples.
7. N. JUAN-MUNS: Le probleme de la signifaction des restes
8. S. M. COLLEY: Some methodological problems in the
interpretation of fish remains from archaeological sites in
9. T. TROLLE-LASSEN: A preliminary report on the archaeological
and zoological evidence of fish exploitation from a
submerged site in mesolithic Denmark.
10. K. ROSENLUND: The fish-bone material from a medieval Danish
monastery and an 18th century mission station in Greenland.
An investigation of materials with a known key.
11. W. VAN NEER: The use of fish remains in African
12. E.S. WING: Faunal remains from seven sites in the Big
Cypress national preserve.
13. J. RIVALLAIN: L'importance de la peche dans les activites
littorales du passe des Alladian, Cote d'Ivoire.
14. A. BOISSIER: Un habitat et un mode de vie traditionnels a
l'etang de Salses (P.O., France). Exemples ethnographiques
et implication archeologique.
15. N. NOE-NYGAARD: Seasonality determination, a tool in
separating fish accumulations of mixed origin on Mesolithic
16. J. RICHTER: Indication of selection of different fish
species at various seasons in the Neolithic.
17. M. S. GORECKI: Determination des temperatures de
developement durant le cycle de vie de certains poissons
pour la mesure des rapports d'oxygene isotopique dans les
18. P. LAHTIPERA: Measurements of Gadidae; problems and
19. M. LERNAU: Nouvelles techniques de preparation et de
rangement des collections de reference.
APPENDIX 3: THIRD MEETING, Groningen (1985)
1. A. T. CLASON: Fish and Archaeology.
2. N. BENECKE: Some remakrs on sturgeon fishing in the Southern
Baltic region in Medieval times.
3. D. C. BRINKHUIZEN: Features observed on the skeletons of
some recent European Acipenseridae: their importance for the
study of excavated remains of sturgeon.
4. S. M. COLLEY: Site formation and archaeological fish
remains. An ethnohistorical example from the Northern Isles,
5. D. HEINRICH: Fishing and consumption of Cod (Gadus morhua
Linnaeus, 1758) in the Middle Ages.
6. A. K. G. JONES: Fish bone survival in the digestive systems
of the pig, dog and man: some experiments.
7. L. JONSSON: Fish bones in Late Mesolithic human graves at
Skateholm, Scania, South Sweden.
8. A. LENTACKER: Archaeozoology of Late Prehistoric Portuguese
sites with marine and riverine resources.
9. H. LERNAU: Fish bones excavated in two Late Roman-Byzantine
Castella in the southern desert of Israel.
10. W. VAN NEER: Some notes on the fish remains from Wadi
Kubbaniya (Upper Egypt; Late Palaeolithic).
11. W. PRUMMEL: The presence of bones of eel, Anguilla anguilla,
in relation to taphonomic processes, cultural factors and
the abundance of eel.
12. K. ROSENLUND: The sting ray, Dasyatis pastinaca (L.) in
13. M. SEEMAN: Fish remains from Smeerenburg, a 17th century
Dutch whaling station on the Westcoast of Spitsbergen.
14. J. DESSE: Les poissons du Grand Louvre.
15. I. BODKER-ENGHOFF: New results from the classical shell
midden in Ertebolle, Denmark.
APPENDIX 4: FOURTH MEETING, York (1987) (9-12 September)
1. P. V. ADDYMAN: Fish out of water: An Archaeologists' view of
2. K. M. STEWART: Fish remains at Olduvai Gorge.
3. W. VAN NEER: Fish remains from a Holocene site in Wadi
4. V. L. BUTLER: Natural versus cultural salmon bones: a
preliminary assessment of the Dalles <> remains.
5. B. GHALEB: Fish and Women on a Western Torres Strait Island,
6. I. TAKACS: Fish exploitation in Hungary.
7. M. ROSE: Prehistoric Fishing in the Aegean.
8. E. ROSELLO & A. MORALES: Cul;tural typification of Spanish
pre-and protohistorical sites through the study of fish
assemblages: proposal of a new methodology of study.
9. A. LENTACKER: The mesolithic Muge shell - middens of
10. A. MORALES & E.ROSELLO: Casual or intentional? Comments on
fish taxa skeletal representation from Spanish
11. E. S. WING: A Modern midden experiment.
12. A. E. BULLOCK: Dispersal of Fish waste: a modern
13. S. COLLEY: Cooking fish on a fire: an experiment in
14. A. K. G. JONES: Walking the cod.
15. A. MORALES; E. ROSELLO; K. ROSENLUND & J. L. LOPEZ GORDO:
Spanish and Danish ichthyofaunal assemblages: patterns of
diversity and abundance commented from a paleocultural
16. D. HEINRICH: Some remarks on fish remains from late- and
postglacial sites near Hamburg.
17. I. BODKER-ENGHOFF: Fishing at Mesolithic Bjornsholm,
Denmark, compared with the neighbouring settlement: the
Ertebolle locus classicus. Principally eel-fishing sites?.
18. I. BODKER-ENGHOFF: Rare species of fish in the Mesolithic
Bjornsholm Shell-midden, Denmark - indicators of a warmer
19. L. JONSSON: Middle Mesolithic Fishing strategies and the
marine environment on the Swedish west coast.
20. L. BARTOSIEWICZ: Size reconstruction of pike, Esox lucius,
21. I. TAKACS: Size reconstruction of catfish, Silurus glanis.
22. M. COLBURN: Cranial osteology of Redcar sunfish.
23. M. DUTTING & B. BEERENHOUT: Distribution analysis of the
fish remains of a Roman Castellum at Velsen, the
24. R. C. HOFFMANN: Pike (Esox lucius) in late Medieval Culture:
from illiterate empiricism to literate traditions.
25. J. COY: Saxon evidence from the river Thames.
26. D. SERJEANTSON: Fish Remains from a Monastic Site: St.
Albans Abbey, Hertfordshire, England.
27. N. PAAP & M. SEEMAN,: Focussing on Fish eyes.
28. D. BRINKHUIZEN: Some remarks on seasonal dating of fish
remains by means of growth ring analysis.
29. A. ROJO: X-rays to differentiate vertebrae from the Gadidae
30. D. WARD: A machine for processing clay to extract fish
31. J. COY: Medieval documentation and the fish trade.
32. R. NICHOLSON: Fish remains from excavations near the river
front at Newcastle, England.
33. L. JONSSON: Osteological evidence of medieval fish trade in
34. R. KEMP: Fishing at Bylands Abbey, Yorkshire.
35. J. DESSE & N. DESSE-BERSET: Use and exchange of osteometric
data for ichthofauna.
36. E. S. WING: Comparative fish skeleton collections.
APPENDIX 5 - FIFTH MEETING, Stora Korno (1989) (5-9 September)
1. L. JONSSON: An introduction to Stora Korno and its village
and the roots of an archaeoichthyologist.
2. W. VAN NEER: Fish remains from the Middle Palaeolithic site
Bir Tarfawi (Eastern Desert, Egypt).
3. N. BENECKE: Seasonal dating of fish remains from the
Hoabinian site Can-Cave (Vietnam).
4. E. WING: Prehistoric Fishing in the West Indies.
5. R. LARJE: Favourite fish dish of the Romans in Carthage.
6. E. AURA TORTOSA: A preliminary report about marine
exploitation on the Andalusian coast: the Fish gorges from
the Cave of Nerja (Malaga, Spain).
7. B. WILKENS: The importance of fishery in the economy of the
Fucino Basin (Italy) from Upper Palaeolithic to Neolithic
8. D. HEINRICH: Fish remains from Flem, a Stone Age settlement
at Skuloy, Norway.
9. M. STERNBERG: La peche et la consommation du poisson sur le
site de Lattara (France, Herault) du IIIe au Iere s. AV.
10. E. GEHASSE: Fish as salinity and tidal indicators at P14, a
late Neolithic- early Bronce age site in the Netherlands.
11. L. BARTOSIEWICZ: Pre-depositional modifications on fish bone
from Hungarian Excavations.
12. W. PRUMMEL: Fishing methods in Oldenburg (Holstein).
13. P. LAHTIPERA: Big Ling from Lofoten area from Stone age and
14. S. HAMILTON-DYER: Fish in the Tudor Naval diet.
15. R. HOFFMANN: <> The operation of
fish ponds at La Perriere -sur-saune, Burgundy, 1338-1352.
16. L. JONSSON: Violet is nice. Comparative bone collections and
the illustration of fish bones.
17. I. TAKACS: Osteomorphological studies on great sturgeon
(Huso huso) from Hungary.
18. L. JONSSON: The Holocene History of western Sweden, geology,
fishes, history of research.
19. R. NICHOLSON: Burnt fish bones: what value to archaeology?
20. A. K. G. JONES: How many fish bones do we need from a site?
21. D. HEINRICH: Some remarks on the term <>,
22. A. ROJO: x-Ray as a tool to identify the fish specimens of
subfossil vertebrate from archaeological sites.
23. A. LEAK: An assessment of the value of the scales of the
grayling Thymallus thymallus (L.) to the archaeologist for
deriving information about the fish found in archaeological
24. A. LENTACKER: A Growthline study on the otoliths of
25. B. BERENHOUT: Velsen 1: Indications of water pollution in
26. E. ROSELLO & A. MORALES: Castillo de Dona Blanca: fish
remains from the oldest phoenician site on the Iberian
27. M. ROSE: Polished otoliths from archaeological contexts.
28. R. MaARNAY: Osteometrical analysis of Sparisoma cretense.
29. E. ROSELLO & A. MORALES: Comparative osteomorphology of the
sardine (Sardina pilchardus) and round sardinella
30. S. STEN: Medieval and post-reformative fish finds from urban
contexts as indicators of fish trade.
31. K. ROSENLUND: Computerized estimates of fish size based on
osteometric data: presentation of a program.
APPENDIX 6: SIXTH MEETING, Schleswig (1991) (3-7 September)
1. V. VOGEL: Excavations in the ancient centre of Schleswig,
the archaeological background to the conference-town.
2. A. BULLOCK: Evidence for the exploitation of fishes from
Tudor deposits and the Little Prickle excavations in 1989,
3. I. BODKER-ENGHOFF: Fishing from medieval Holbaek.
4 A. ERVYNCK & W. VAN NEER: Fish remains in medieval castles
and towns (Flanders, Belgium): a preliminary survey.
5. E. ROSELLO & A. MORALES: Cartuja: Fish remains from a late
medieval monastery in Seville (Spain).
6. P. MOREL: Medieval fish remains from a site near Basel.
7. N. IVANOVA: Fish remains from archaeological sites of the
northern part of the Black Sea Region.
8. D. C. BRINKHUIZEN & E. ROSELLO: Laminak II: Marine fishes
within a paleolithic limnetic ichthyocenosis from the
Spanish Basque country.
9. A. LENTACKER: Fish remains from Saltes (Huelva, Spain).
10. L. JONSSON: Fish bone measurements. Gadiformes. Review and
11. W. VAN NEER: Fish size reconstructions: How accurate should
12. D. HEINRICH: Fish remains from Durankulak and from some
other sites -are they biased by the excavator?
13. J. STUDER: Fish and water: influence of a lake on the
distribution of ichthyological remains.
14. M. MEZES & L. BARTOSIEWICZ: Fish bone preservation and fat
15. R. G. COOKE & J. BORT: A comparison between prehistoric and
modern artisanal fishing in a small estuarine embayment on
the Pacific coast of Panama.
16. A. SANCHEZ MOSQUERA: Fishing patterns in the continental
coast of Ecuador.
17. N. JUAN-MUNS: Fishing strategy in the Beagle channel: an
18. R. C. HOFFMANN: The craft of fishing Alpine lakes, ca A.D.
19. C. G. RODRIGUEZ SANTANA: The role of fishing in a
prehistoric settlement on the island of La Palma (Canary
20. B. BEERENHOUT: What conclusions can be drawn from mature
haddock bones in a neolithic coastal site in the
21. W. R. BELCHER: Fish utilization in the Harappan
civilization: a view from the type site of Harappa.
22. D. SERJEANTSON; J. EVANS & S. WALES: Fish in latter
23. L. JONSSON: Fish processing before salting and drying -
historical evidence from Scandinavia.
24. Ma J. RODRIGO GARCIA: The paleoecological implications of
the presence of Melanogrammus aeglefinus (L., 1758) in the
transition Upper Pleistocene-Holocene levels in Nerja Cave
25. I. SZEKELYHIDY; I. TAKACS & L. BARTOSIEWICZ: Size
variability by geographic regions of some fish species in
26. A. BULLOCK: Cost tradeoffs of mesh size and sieving rate in
27. R. LARJE: Are dermestid beetles safe for fish bones?.
28. D. C. BRINKHUIZEN: Pathologies and anomalies in recent and
subfossil fish bones.
29. A. MORALES & W. VAN NEER: Abundance indexes as potential
discriminators of natural and anthropogenic
30. D. C. BRINKHUIZEN: The diet of recent otter (Lutra lutra)
from two regions in the northern Netherlands.
31. W. PRUMMEL: Bird and sea mammal catching during fishing.
32. B. IRVING: Possible evidence for Roman fish farming at
Nicopolis ad Istrum, Bulgaria.
33. S. HAMILTON-DYER: Fish remains from Mons Claudianus -a
Graeco- roman site in the Eastern desert of Egypt.
34. R. C. HOFFMANN: European subfossil carp (interim report).
35. D. PATON & E. ROSELLO: A computerized procedure for the
classification of Mugilid remains from archaeological sites.
36. Ch. RADTKE: Medieval fishing with <> in the
37. A. SANCHEZ MOSQUERA: The evolution of Ecuatorian
APPENDIX 7: SEVENTH MEETING, Leuven (1993) (6-10 September)
1. J. H. BARRETT: Bone weight and the intraclass comparison of
2. O. LERNAU & M. BEN-HORIN: Taphonomic curve and index: a
preliminary exploration of a new concept.
3. F. FALABELLA; M. LORETO VARGAS & R. MELENDEZ: Differential
preservation and recovery of fish remains in Central Chile.
4. A. VON DEN DRIESCH: Hyperostosis in fish.
5. F. J. MEUNIER & J. DESSE: Histological structure of
hyperostotic cranial remains of Pomadasys hasta
(Osteichthyes, Perciformes, Haemulidae) from archaeological
sites of the Arabian Gulf and the Indian Ocean.
6. L. BARTOSIEWICZ; I. TAKACS & I. SZEKELY-HIDY: Problems of
size determination in common carp (Cyprinus carpio).
7. M. STERNBERG: Reconstitution de la taille de Dicentrarchus
labrax provenant de Lattes (Ileme Age du Fer-debut de la
8. J. DESSE & N. DESSE-BERSET: Osteometry and fishing
strategies at Cape Andreas Kastros (Cyprus, 8th millennium
9. N. DESSE-BERSET: Sturgeons of the Rhone during Protohistory
in Arles (6th-2nd century BC).
10. O. LE GALL: Quelques remarques sur l'adaptation a court et a
long termes chez les poissons d'eau douce du sud de la
11. R. COOKE & G. TAPIA RODRIGUEZ: Marine and freshwater fish
amphidromy in a small tropical river on the Pacific coast of
Panama: a preliminary evaluation based on gill-net and hook-
12. L. BARTOSIEWICZ; E. HERTELENDI & A. FIGLER: Seasonal dating
of hand-collected fish remains from a prehistoric settlement
13. W. R. BELCHER: A regional approach to fish remains and
seasonality in East Penobscot Bay, Maine.
14. O. J. POLACO & A. F. GUZMAN: Fishes in some Spanish
sixteenth century chronicles.
15. T. DE JONG: Fish consumption at Eindhoven Castle:
archaeological remains versus historical sources.
16. R. C. HOFFMANN: Remains and verbal evidence of carp
(Cyprinus carpio) in medieval Europe.
17. L. VAN BUYTEN: Donnees historiques sur le commerce de
poissons a Louvain (Brabant, Belgique) au 18eme siecle et
leur apport a l'archeozoologie.
18. S. CROCKFORD: New archaeological and ethnographic evidence
of an extinct fishery for giant bluefin tuna (Thunnus
thynnus orientalis) on the Pacific Northwest Coast of North
19. W. R. BELCHER: Butchery practices and the ethnoarchaeology
of South Asian fisherfolk.
20. A. M. CHOYKE & L. BARTOSIEWICZ: Angling with bones.
21. W. Z. WENDRICH & W. VAN NEER: Preliminary notes on fishing
gear and fish at the late Roman fort at 'Abu Sha'ar
(Egyptian Red Sea coast).
22. J. STUDER: Roman fish sauce in Petra, Jordan.
23. D. C. BRINKHUIZEN: Some notes on fish remains from the late
16th century merchant vessel Scheurrak SO1.
24. R. CERON-CARRASCO: The investigation of fish remains from an
Orkney farm mound.
25. D. HEINRICH: Fish remains of two medieval castles and of an
urban context- a comparison.
26. W. VAN NEER & A. ERVYNCK: New data on fish remains from
Belgian archaeological sites.
27. I. ZOHAR; T. DAYAN; E. SPANIER; E. GALILI & O. LERNAU:
Exploitation of grey triggerfish (Balistes carolinensis) by
the prehistoric inhabitants of Atlit-Yam, Israel: a
28. C. CARTWRIGHT: Preliminary results of the study of fish
remains from a 3rd millennium BC site, HD1, at Ra's al-Hadd,
29. K. C. MACDONALD & W. VAN NEER: Specialised fishing peoples
in the Later Holocene of the Mema Region (Mali).
30. A. MORALES; E. ROSELLO & J. M. CANAS: Cueva de Nerja (prov.
Malaga): a close look at a twelve thousand year
ichthyofaunal sequence from southern Spain.
31. A. LENTACKER: Fish remains from Portugal: preliminary
analysis of the Mesolithic shell-midden sites of Cabeco da
Amoreira and Cabeco da Arruda.
32. B. IRVING: Identification to family or species in
ichthyofaunal studies. The importance of a filter where
osteologically similar species share the same habitat niche:
examples from the site of Saar, Bahrain.
33. I. BODKER-ENGHOFF: Fishing from Denmark in the Ertebolle-
34. H. HUSTER-PLOGMANN: Neolithic fish remains from the Zurich-
lake region: difficulties and possibilities.
35. N. JUAN-MUNS & C. RODRIGUEZ SANTANA: Sant Pere de Rodes
(Emporda, Catalonia, Spain): an analysis of the eighteenth
36. W. VAN NEER; S. AUGUSTYNEN & T. LINKOWSKI: Daily growth
increments on fish otoliths as seasonality indicators on
archaeological sites: the tilapia from late palaeolithic
Makhadma in Egypt.
Main features of the eight I.C.A.Z. Fish Remains Working Group
meetings. Presentations in brackets refer to posters. A graphic
representation of these data appears in Figure 1.
MEETINGS NO PARTICIPANTS PRESENTATIONS PROCEEDINGS
COPENHAGUE 16 7 +
SOPHIA ANTIPOLIS 30 19 +
GRONINGEN 28 19 (5) +
YORK 38 35 (3) -
STORA KORNO 32 31 (6) +
SCHLESWIG 33 37 (5) +
LEUVEN 48 36 (6) +
MADRID 57 50 (12) +
The presentations at the various Fish Remains Working Group
meetings arranged according to content. A graphic representation
of these data appears in Figure 2.
MEETINGS METHODS REPORTS OTHERS
COPENHAGUE 6 1 -
SOPHIA ANTIPOLIS 9 5 5
GRONINGEN 4 8 4
YORK 17 10 9
STORA KORNO 14 11 6
SCHLESWIG 12 13 12
LEUVEN 12 15 9
MADRID 13 14 23
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